Fibre Types

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What are the different types of carpet fibres?

In the first instance there are two fibre types – ‘man-made’ such as polypropylene, nylon and polyester, or natural fibres, such as wool. Each have their own attributes. Cormar make carpets from wool, wool/synthetic blends and polypropylene.

What are the advantages of wool in carpets?

Wool has more resilience than most other fibres because of the high degree of 'natural crimp' in the fibre, which help it withstand heavy footfall, maintaining the appearance of the carpet over longer periods. Wool is also a truly 'Green' fibre - grown every year by sheep throughout fields and moorlands - it is an annually renewable natural resource, without harm to the planet.

It has natural insulating properties, which reduces heat loss, condensation and reduces noise, providing improved air quality and a comfortable home environment. It is naturally flame resistant and produces less toxic fumes than most other household materials, making it a safer product in areas of public usage and throughout the home.

Carpet using wool are easily maintained, has an inbuilt resistance to soiling due to it's natural oils and responds well to cleaning.

What are the advantages of polypropylene in carpets?

Polypropylene is a bi-product of the petro-chemical industry and is produced in small pellets called ‘chips’. These are melted and colour added in the fibres molten state, which gives the fibre a natural resistance to staining and soiling. Polypropylene carpets are known as being easy to clean, in fact they can be cleaned with a solution of bleach. The method of production also gives polypropylene a greater resistance to fading than most other carpets.

In terms of cost polypropylene offers great value for money and is generally considered the most cost effective flooring solution.

What are ‘Luxelle’ and ‘Finesse’ carpets?

These are brand names for fine filament polypropylene. Advances in fibre technology have enabled finer, multi-filament yarns to be used in carpet production. These fibres enable us to produce our ‘Deep, Soft Pile’ carpet ranges.